Archive 2016

PARTICIPATION FEE (regular applications)

€75 for international and Croatian non-partner participants

€60 students of University College of International Relations and Diplomacy Dag Hammarskjöld and University of Zagreb

INCLUDES:

- accommodation (4 nights)

- breakfast and lunch (8 meals)

- city transportation (bus and tram)

- conference materials

Questions: zagimun.applications@gmail.com

Shared Responsibility

In September of 2015, the United Nations General Assembly agreed to 17 Global Goals for Sustainable Development to be achieved by 2030 to transform our world. In an inextricably linked globalized world, developing competencies and enhancing employability for the youth as drivers of social progress is the foundation to sustainable development and promotion of the principles stated in the UN Charter. It is our understanding that the Global Goals for Sustainable Development are in accordance with EU policies and complement Europe 2020 - A strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth giving us the framework for our projects in three flagship initiatives that fall under the areas of employment, social affairs and inclusion.
Shared Responsibility is a youth platform envisioned as a gathering ground for young people from all walks of life and different parts of the world interested in shifting their mindset from invidual towards global thinking. Participants of our projects will be able to internalize the concept of togetherness through discussions with their peers, academics and professionals, simulations of decision-making processes and practicing responsible living in everyday life. By promoting the Shared Responsibility concept, we are looking to inspire young people to think about future implications of their current actions and motivate them to participate in different projects in order to become agents of change in their communities.

From Climate and Migration Challenges towards a Sustainable Future

Environmental degradation has been one of the largest drivers of human migration and population shifts throughout history. Even though the problem of climate change has received global attention, only limited attention has thus far been given to the issue of forced displacement of people caused by climate change. Most scenarios agree on a general trend - global warming will force millions of people, mainly in Africa, Asia and Latin America to leave their homes and migrate to other places. A still present lack of a comprehensive normative framework to protect the rights of environmentally displaced people constitutes, not only a major gap, but also a threat to international security.
With the new UN Sustainable Development Goals to transform our world by 2030 in place and the Migrant Crisis taking up headlines in the last year, we have decided to dedicate the first ZAGiMUN Conference on Shared Responsibility to exploring trigger factors of migration. We have identified three interconnected challenges which will highlight our search for sustanaible solutions:
- water security
- gender inequality
- environmental degradation.

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The Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) lies in the centre of a regional conflict. It is an Ethiopian gravity dam on the Blue Nile River currently under construction.  Its construction is being strongly opposed by both Egypt and (albeit to a lesser extent) the Sudan. The reasons for this are as numerous as they are complex.

Egypt’s high dependency on the Nile River has led to it being effectively monopolized by Egypt and Sudan. In these circumstances Egypt perceives any potential reduction of the Nile water supply to itself as tampering with its national security and thus as a trigger of potential conflict.  Sudan has however taken a milder stance towards the interest of other Riparian states in the exploitation of the Nile. In 2010 the five upstream states signed a “Cooperative Framework Agreement” within which they seek to acquire more water from the Nile River.. This is where the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) comes in to the center of the regional conflict. Only recently has the Egyptian government adopted a more conciliatory tone. In March of last year Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan, signed a declaration that tacitly blesses construction of the dam so long as there is no “significant harm” to downstream countries.

However, many unresolved issues remain surrounding the Renaissance Dam project which could jeopardize the possibility of a political consensus. This is obvious in the fact that Egypt has taken up the issue with the UN Security Council as well as considered covert military actions against the dam. It will be up to the delegates of the ZAGIMUN conference to try to bridge these differences and prevent an escalation of yet another conflict in the MENA region.

UNITED NATIONS SECURITY COUNCIL

COUNTRY MATRIX

Angola

China*

Egypt

Ethiopia**

France*

Japan

* Permanent member

** Observer state

Malaysia

New Zealand

Russian Federation*

Senegal

Spain

Sudan **

Ukraine

the United Kingdom*

the United States*

Uruguay

Venezuela

 

Climate is all weather occurring over a long period of time in a given place.
Climate change is when the average weather over a long period of time begins to change. This means that past patterns no longer accurately predict future weather. Scientists agree that the earth’s climate is now changing due to global warming. Global warming is the rise in the average temperature of the Earth’s atmosphere and oceans caused by unsustainable human activity.

Gender describes the characteristics associated with being male or female. These attributes, are socially constructed and are learned behaviours, influenced not only by our biological sex, but predominantly by the society we live in.
Gender equality means that women and men have equal value, rights, and opportunities to participate in every aspect of life, at every level of society.
Structural and cultural disparities make women disproportionately more vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. Women are more likely than men to die during and in the aftermath of natural disasters and climate change-related events. For the women who survive, many often lack legal assets and rights to property, which leaves them few resources with which to rebuild their lives.

At the ZAGIMUN 2016 conference delegates will be tasked with tackling the harmful effects of gender inequality and climate change on both micro and macro levels.

Gender equality resolving effects of climate change on a micro level

Evidence shows that more women than men die from natural hazards in countries and communities in which the socio-economic status of women and men is highly unequal, since women and girls disproportionally suffer the consequences of lack of education, low level of contact with institutions working on disaster prevention and higher poverty. However there is a positive shift in women’s role in dealing with the aftermath of environmental disasters and climate change. At the local level, women provide particular kinds of social capital for adaptation and coping, organizing themselves during and after disasters to help their households and communities. The decrease in the number of overall deaths after disasters is attributed to the active engagement of women in disaster management. Moreover, women’s knowledge in adaptation is an important resource in education for sustainable development. Statistics have shown the solution for low income areas would include measures incorporating women as a part of sustainable development projects.  

((((It’s not enough to have women at the table and then hope that effects trickle down to the grassroots. Empowering the middle is critical, and connecting the international, national, and local is inseparable to creating change.
Eleanor Blomstrom, head of Women’s Environment and Development Organization))))

Gender equality resolving effects of climate change on a macro level

Universal Declaration of Human Rights - Article 1:
“All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.”

A study of 130 countries found that countries with higher female parliamentary representation are more prone to ratify international environmental treaties.  According to this study: “the results also support arguments that societies with higher levels of gender equality are more supportive of environmental protection, global efforts aimed at developing environmental policies should therefore concentrate more on improving the status of women, including especially those efforts aimed at increasing women’s political representation.”

UNFPA Executive Director Thoraya Ahmed Obaid:
“Women should be part of any agreement on climate change — not as an afterthought or because it’s politically correct, but because it’s the right thing to do. Our future as humanity depends on unleashing the full potential of all human beings, and the full capacity of women, to bring about change.”

It will be up to the delegates at the ZAGIMUN conference to see if they can achieve these aims while still taking in to account their national interest or if said national interests will make finding a lasting compromise unattainable.  

UNITED NATIONS HUMAN RIGHTS COUNCIL

COUNTRY MATRIX

Albania

Algeria

Bolivia

China

Congo

Côte d’Ivoire

Ecuador

Ethiopia

 

France

Germany

India

Mexico

Morocco

Philippines

Republic of Korea

Russian Federation

Saudi Arabia

Slovenia

South Africa

Switzerland

The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

United Arab Emirates

the United Kingdom

the United States

Venezuela

 

The International Court of Justice (ICJ) is the principal judicial organ of the United Nations (UN). It was established in June 1945 by the Charter of the United Nations and began work in April 1946.The Court’s role is to settle, in accordance with international law, legal disputes submitted to it by States and to give advisory opinions on legal questions referred to it by authorized United Nations organs and specialized agencies.

On 31 March 2014 the International Court of Justice issued its long-awaited judgment on the case concerning whaling in the Antarctic, brought before it by Australia over Japan's alleged breach of certain obligations under the International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling (ICRW). The Court's ruling held that Japan's Special Permit Whaling under the so-called JARPA II (Japan's Permit Japanese Whale Research Program under Special Permit in the Antarctic) could not be qualified as being conducted “for purposes of scientific research”.

As part of the 2016 ZAGIMUN ICJ simulation participants will be faced with tackling this question anew and seeing if they will, relying upon their legal expertise, reach a different or similar conclusion to the aforementioned dispute. Broken down, the key questions of the dispute, which led to the court ruling in Australia’s favor, read as such:

 

  • Does the Court have contentious jurisdiction in this case?
  • Does Japan’s activity in the Antarctic fall into the scope of scientific research?
  • Who should appoint the experts
  • The consequences of the practice of processing of whales in light of the scientific basis of Japan’s whaling program

 

It now falls to you as a participant of the 2016 ZAGIMUN conference to reinterpret the law and the evidence, and thereby in collaboration with your colleagues, reach your own conclusions on this matter.

UNITED NATIONS INTERNATIONAL COURT OF JUSTICE

POSITION MATRIX

Advocates

Plaintiffs - Australia (2)

Respondents - Japan (2)

Judges

Australia

Brazil

China

India

Italy

France

Jamaica

Japan

Morocco

New Zealand

 

Russian Federation

Somalia

Uganda

the United Kingdom

the United States

A growing global population with accelerating urbanization and a deteriorating natural resource base means more people to feed with less water, farmland and rural labour. Satisfying expected increases in water, energy and food needs requires a shift to more sustainable consumption and production approaches, with agriculture and food systems made more efficient and sustainable. In light of this, increasing food production while using less water will present one of the great challenges of the future.

Through this panel we are going to look at a different ways in which water can affect international politics. One of the aspects of climate change is the migration triggered by water scarcity stemming from extreme droughts or in other cases floods destroying people’s livelihoods. The drought can lead to increased poverty and relocation to urban areas which may contribute to social unrests that can later precipitate in to internal and external conflicts.
The panel will also be addressing the conclusions of the 2015 United Nations Climate Change Conference also known as COP (Conference of the Parties) 21. The conference ended with the negotiation of the Paris Agreement, a global agreement on the reduction of climate change. On 22 April 2016, 174 countries signed the agreement in New York, and began adopting it within their own legal systems. The result of the agreement was the setting of the goal of limiting global warming to less than 2 degrees Celsius (°C) compared to pre-industrial levels. The parties will also "pursue efforts to" limit the temperature increase to 1.5 °C. The 1.5 °C goal will require zero emissions sometime between 2030 and 2050. Our panellists will also be given the ability to comment on the conclusions of COP 22 as the session will be held from the 7 – 18th of November, a week before the start of the ZAGIMUN conference.

“You think migration is a challenge to Europe today because of extremism, wait until you see what happens when there is an absence of water, an absence of food, or one tribe fighting against another for mere survival” . By the statement of the US official John Kerry climate change could create a new class of migrants, which he called “climate refugees” at a conference on climate change in Anchorage, Alaska. A lot more attention has to be paid to putting more resources into climate adaptation, particularly water and food security, so migration does not become the primary option for vulnerable people. Tackling the problem at its source does not mean ending conflict, but stopping it before it starts. And that means addressing climate change as well.

Our panel is going to take place in Zagreb on the 28th of November 2016, at Dag Hammarskjöld University College of International Relations and Diplomacy. Our panellists who are professional diplomats are going to provide us with insight in to this emerging global problem. The target group of this panel are professionals, youth workers, students and enthusiastic young people who are ready to change the world. The main focus of this panel is to give us the view on how climate change can affect migration flows in the whole world. This indicates that in the near future, water as resource, will become a crucial factor of the new political, social and economic order.

On September 25th 2015, countries adopted a set of goals to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure prosperity for all as part of a new sustainable development agenda. Each goal has specific targets to be achieved over the next 15 years. For the goals to be reached, everyone needs to do their part: governments, the private sector, civil society and people like you.
Adopted by world leaders in September 2015 and implemented at the start of 2016, more than 150 countries have pledged to mobilize efforts to end all forms of poverty, fight inequalities, and tackle climate change, while ensuring that no one is left behind.
The SDGs build on the work of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) that were emphasized from 2000 to 2015. The new SDGs are unique in that they are broader in their scope of eradicating all forms of poverty by calling for action by all countries, rich and poor, to promote prosperity while protecting the planet.
The new global targets for improving people’s lives around the world, the 2030 agenda, an unprecedented push to tackle the root causes of poverty, looks at the big picture. It embraces the need for economic development that leaves no one behind and gives every human being a fair chance of leading a decent life. And it faces squarely our duty to protect future generations by limiting climate change, adopting renewable energy and managing resources sustainably.
The main goal of this panel is to show how global goals help to galvanize a global effort. Setting goals is important for many reasons. First, they are essential for social mobilization. The world needs to come together to effectively fight poverty or to help achieve sustainable development. Second, with the adoption of the SDGs, political leaders are publicly and privately questioned on the steps they take to achieve these goals. When bold goals are set, communities of knowledge and practice come together to recommend practical pathways to achieve results.
Finally, goals mobilize stakeholder networks. Community leaders, politicians, government ministries, the scientific community, leading nongovernmental organizations, religious groups, international organizations, donor organizations, and foundations are all motivated to come together for a common purpose. That kind of multi-stakeholder process is essential for tackling complex challenges of sustainable development and transforming our world by 2030.

The Hostel Bureau

Hostel Bureau is located in a very centre of the imaginative and playful Zagreb. We are only 3 minutes away walking from Zagreb's main, Ban Jelačić square, but still in a quiet and peaceful yard isolated from traffic noise.

A newly-renovated, modern designed hostel with full service operating 24/7 allows you to relax and rest as well as to have fun. We will be booking your staying in specially designed double, triple, quadruple, five, six and seven-bed rooms. Each room has a locker with the key, air condition and Wi-fi access.

The participation fee covers 4 nights (check-in on Monday, 28 November; check-out on Friday, 2 December)

Breakfast and lunch are included in the price.

Contact

Bureau Hostel Zagreb
Vlaška 40, 10000 Zagreb
Croatia

Phone: +385 (1) 5510 517
E-mail: info@hostel-bureau.eu

Dag Hammarskjöld University College of International Relations and Diplomacy

For more information about our venue, please check their website by clicking their logo!

Contact

DAG HAMMARSKJÖLD UNIVERSITY COLLEGE OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS AND DIPLOMACY

Zagreb, Ilica 242
Phone +385 (0)1 3700 826
Fax +385 (0)1 3700 405
Cell phone +385 (0)99 209 208 0
E-mail: tajnistvo@diplomacija.hr