Almost 15 years ago, the Millennium Development Goals were agreed. These provided an important framework for development and significant progress has been made in a number of areas. But the progress has been uneven, particularly in Africa, least developed countries, landlocked developing countries and small island developing States. In September of 2015, the United Nations recommitted themselves to the full realization of all the Millennium Development Goals by adopting a set of 17 goals to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure prosperity for all as part of a new sustainable development agenda called the United Nations Global Goals for Sustainable Development – Agenda 2030.
The new Agenda builds on the Millennium Development Goals and seeks to complete what they did not achieve, particularly in reaching the most vulnerable. The new SDGs are unique in that they are broader in their scope of eradicating all forms of poverty by calling for action by all countries, rich and poor, to promote prosperity while protecting the planet.
The new global targets for improving people’s lives around the world, the 2030 agenda, an unprecedented push to tackle the root causes of poverty, looks at the big picture. It embraces the need for economic development that leaves no one behind and gives every human being a fair chance of leading a decent life. And it faces squarely our duty to protect future generations by limiting climate change, adopting renewable energy and sustainable resource management.
Sustainable development cannot be realized without peace and security; and peace and security will be at risk without sustainable development. The new Agenda recognizes the need to build peaceful, just and inclusive societies that provide equal access to justice and that are based on respect for human rights (including the right to development), on effective rule of law and good governance at all levels and on transparent, effective and accountable institutions.
For the goals to be reached, everyone needs to do their part: governments, the private sector, civil society and individuals. We can be the first generation to succeed in ending poverty, just as we may be the last to have a chance of saving the planet. The world will be a better place in 2030 if we succeed in our objectives. The future of humanity and of our planet lies in our hands. It lies also in the hands of today’s younger generation who will pass the torch to future generations. We have mapped the road to sustainable development; it will be for all of us to ensure that the journey is successful and its gains irreversible.
During the ZAGiMUN 2017 Conference on Shared Responsibility each participant will roleplay as a delegate within one of four committees: the United Nations Security Council, the Human Rights Council of the United Nations, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization and the European Council.
The main theme of the conference, "Preventing Crises and Attaining Sustainable Peace" reflects the commitment of the Croatian United Nations Association to promote SDG no. 16: Peace, justice and strong institutions emphasizing the importance of maintaining peace on a global level and cooperation between institutions in order to fulfill set objectives within the Agenda 2030.
All participants will have an equal opportunity to participate in the discussion, based on the principles of democratic debate and diplomatic courtesy. The goal of the simulation is to encourage all participants to cooperate, learn about decision-making process by debating while fighting against positions which encourage inequalities / discrimination / racism / xenophobia.
As part of their respective committees, delegates encourage deeper reflection on global issues, taking into account the complexity and interdependence of EU and UN institutions. For the duration of the simulation, delegates will have to convey their member state’s positions and by the end of the conference deliver solutions in the form of resolutions. Each simulation will be moderated by two Presiding Officers (Chairpersons) whose role is to inform participants about aspects with which they are not familiar and help them to achieve common agreement while maintaining impartiality.
The purpose of introducing participants with this sort of debate is to create substantial researching, public speaking, debating, and writing skills, as well as critical thinking, teamwork, and leadership abilities through a dynamic discussion.
The international community could avoid conflicts by restoring trust between Governments and their citizens on the one hand, and amongst Member States on the other. For decades the international focus had been largely on responding to conflict, while neglecting that more needed to be done to prevent war and sustain peace. At the opening of the high-level debate on conflict prevention and sustaining peace, Secretary-General of the United Nations, Mr António Guterres emphasized that it had proven “very difficult” to persuade decision makers to make prevention their priority, although the rule-based international order under which the United Nations had been established was under grave threat. Crises required the international community to connect global efforts for peace and security, sustainable development and human rights while the primary work of conflict prevention lay with Member States.
The interconnected nature of today’s crises requires the international community to connect global efforts for peace and security, sustainable development and human rights, not just in words, but in practice. The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, as well as, General Assembly and Security Council resolutions on sustaining peace demonstrated strong intergovernmental support for an integrated approach. The challenge now is to make corresponding changes to our culture, strategy, structures and operations. International cooperation for prevention, and particularly translating early warning into early action, depends on the trust between Member States, and in their relations with the United Nations. A political culture of acting sooner to the risk of violent conflict must be developed with the European Union assuming the role of global leader.
European Union’s new Global Strategy emphasized the importance of acting promptly on prevention promising that the bloc would engage in sustaining peace in both practice and principle, taking an integrated approach with the implementation of the Paris Agreement on climate change being crucial in reducing susceptibility to crises around the world. High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy Federica Mogherini at the European Parliament plenary session on the European Defence Plan and the Future of Europe affirmed EU’s position as a cooperative, multilateral power, always believing in an integrated approach, always believing in prevention while striving for peace and human development. A stronger European Union in the field of security and defence is good for Europeans and is good for the rest of the world. Being the biggest donor of humanitarian and development aid, the EU is committed to staying the main pillar of the multilateral system based on the UN agencies, on the UN values and principles, and leading the approach that preventing a conflict is always better than dealing with it militarily.